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雅思口语圈 | Part 2话题《喜欢的天气》讲不够2分钟怎么办?

作者:  2021-04-15 15:22:08  阅读量:

《喜欢的天气》这道题是我从1月份磨蹭到4月份才开始有意愿写的一道题。究其原因,主要也是因为我对目前市场上给的小问题持怀疑态度,感觉小问与小问之间很雷同,正式考试不应该这样问。


Describe a kind of weather you like

You should say:

• What type of weather it is

• What you usually do in this kind of weather

• How this weather affects your mood

• And why you like this weather


目前大家看到的有关这个话题的四小问,我还不是非常确定是否就是考试的版本,但至少从其合理性来说,相对要好很多。同时,我也有询问过被考到的同学,虽然他们问了具体的小问题,但大致方向是对的。既然如此,我就按此版本来给大家做个详细的解析。


1.jpg


说实话,当我让考官写这道题的答案时,我明显感受到考官在这道题的拓展上也存在比较大的问题。她发给我的版本只有140字左右,这对于考试要求的2分钟肯定是不够的。


当然,这不仅仅是考官会存在的问题,很多我教的学生也存在相同的问题。能讲,但讲不够时间。也正是如此,如何讲够2分钟成为这道题的核心关键。


之所以"天气"类的话题不好拓展,主要原因也是因为这个东西有点抽象,能拓展的维度比较有限。那么面对抽象的问题,明确每一个小问题的解题方向和拓展结构就是一件重中之重的事情。


废话不多说,现在我们就来开始撸题!


01、What type of weather it is

前面有提到,拆分"weather"的维度相对较难,同时也很有限。这种情况也会出现在很多抽象类型的话题中,这个时候你可以优先考虑考虑这么两个维度:Popularity/ How you know about。


"Popularity"基本是一个万能的维度,它可以使用在超过90%的part 2话题里,除了方向不明确型事件类话题(点击标题查看原文)。


有些同学可能会疑惑,"天气"又该如何去聊它的受欢迎程度?你看晴天是不是很多人喜欢,而雨天就会有很多人厌恶呢?为此,我们可以进一步拓展,人们为什么会喜欢或者不喜欢的原因,或者人们对它的喜欢和不喜欢具体是怎么表现出来的?



Example:


Honestly, I have never thought about it before but I guess I like rainy days. The type of day when the skies just open up and it pours down (雨)倾盆而下. In fact, not many people like this type of weather, as it can be inconvenient, but I love it.


1.jpg


除此之外,"How you know (about)"也是一个非常高频的维度,虽然很多时候它直接以问题的形式出现在我们的part 2话题里。我们聊到一个人或者事物的时候或许能够想到去说一说你是怎么知道他们的,可一旦涉及天气,很多同学就会直接忽略这个维度。我觉得这非常的不应该,因为任何一种天气都需要被你一步步的熟悉。


Example :


Unlike other people who really like sunny days, my favorite weather is extreme weather, particularly typhoons 台风. I remember the first time I experienced one was when I was very young. My family moved to a coastal city. During the summer time, the typhoons came one by one. Even though they caused lots of damage, I enjoyed watching the sheer force of nature 纯粹的自然力. 



02、What you usually do in this kind of weather

这道题看似很泛,什么都能聊,但如果你想要聊的有层次感一些,你就需要将你能做的事情进行分类。鉴于天气对人的重要影响之一在于空间的选择,我们可以按"Indoors & Outdoors" (室内&室外)来拓展这道题目。


你会做的事情可以是纯室内的,也可以是纯室外的,除此之外,你也可以将两者结合。比如,在一个晴天,你可能会出门干些事情,但有时你也会想要呆在家里做某些事情。


Example one:


When it rains, I normally get tucked up 蜷缩在 in bed and binge-watch 刷剧 soap operas and films. I stock up 备货 on my favorite snacks and just relax all day.  I turn off my phone and just ignore the world for the day (Indoors). Sometimes, I also like to stand in front of the window while counting how many cars pass. It sounds a little bit silly and boring, but I enjoy it very much (Indoors).


Example two:


On sunny days, I always like to hang out with my friends and go shopping. We can shop for several hours and we don’t get tired at all (Outdoors). And sometimes, I like to stay indoors, reading a book, preparing a meal for myself, then taking a cat nap on my sofa with the sunshine beating down 照射 through the window (Indoors).


Example three :


When it snows, I think it is the best time to enjoy a hot pot with my family. We like to sit in front of the window eating meat while drinking cold beer. It is very enjoyable (Indoors).  When the snow stops, we go out and build a snowman together. It is also a kind of tradition in my home that every year we have a snowman building competition. The winner doesn’t need to do the house chores for a whole month (Outdoors).



03、How this weather affects your mood

对于这个小问题,多数同学都会直截了当的给出一个观点,比如:晴天让我心情变好,雨天让我抑郁。这样的回答相对而言少了一些缜密的思考,毕竟同是晴天,在不同的条件下你也会有不同的感受,比如:你会觉得在冬天享受晴天是一种温暖,可在夏天就是一种折磨;你会觉得雨天呆在家是种享受,出门就是一种烦恼等。


Example :


Well when it is raining heavily and I am warm and dry indoors, it really gives me a sense of peace. I love hearing the rain battering off the windows 击打窗户 as it brings me comfort and calm. It is therapeutic 有益于健康的. 


Example :


Well when the sun is not too hot and if there is a cool breeze 微风, I always feel my mood lift. It gives me motivation and I usually have a productive day. However, when it is scorching hot  炎热的 outside, I never want to move or do anything. I just want to sit in one place, preferably next to an air conditioner. 



04、Why you like this weather

多数同学会认为这个小问和第三小问雷同,观点也相似。的确是的,但既然这是一个独立的小问题,我们就需要给出额外的回答。那么除了天气对你的心情产生影响外,你喜欢一种天气还有哪些原因呢?


首先我们可以先来思考一下"天气带来的影响"有一些:



我大致将其分为三大块影响:


1. 对生活的影响


主要体现在该天气给生活带来的便利性,比如:晴天适合外出活动,衣服容易干,食物容易储藏,打车方便等。


2. 对人本身的影响


对人自身的影响又可分为两块:心理健康和生理健康。鉴于心理健康在第三问有被提及,我们则可以从身体健康着手来阐述对某种天气的喜欢。比如:有同学喜欢阴天是因为他对阳光过敏;有同学喜欢晴天是因为雨天的时候,家里的老人会有风湿痛等。


3. 对自然的影响


主要体现在对空气、水、植物、动物的影响。从此层面着手,你更可以把自己放在环保主义者的身份上,或者是一个非常热爱自然的一个人。为此,你喜欢雨天可能就是因为充足的雨水有利于植物的生长,它也能带走空气中的灰尘;你喜欢雪天可能是因为"瑞雪兆丰年"等。




有了以上几点,你便可选择其中的1、2点来拓展最后一小问啦!


Example one:


I like it because when it rains I have time to myself. I can switch off 放空 and tune out 放空.  I also like the rain because I recently watched a lovely Japanese cartoon about a couple who did everything in the rain and it looked so romantic. That is the kind of love I want.  


Another reason why I like rainy days is that they are good for my health. I have sensitive 敏感的 skin and the sun is too strong so I always have to cover up when I go outside otherwise my skin goes red and blotchy 斑疹.  


Example two:


I like sunny days not only because they put me in a good mood, they also make my life so much easier. For example, it is easy for clothes to dry and you can always get a taxi. More importantly, sunny days are good for my grandparents’ health. As they get older, they always feel uncomfortable on cold rainy days. I just want them to live happily without aches and pains.


Example three:


Even though typhoons cause a lot of damage, I still like them as when they are strong we all get to stay at home. I love spending time with my family and just hanging out together.  My mum always cooks her famous hotpot and we chat and play games.  




看完四小问的拆分,你有想好自己要说啥了不?


参考答案:【喜欢的天气】


• What type of weather it is


Honestly, I have never thought about it before but I guess I like rainy days. The type of day when the skies just open up and it pours down (雨)倾盆而下. In fact, not many people like this type of weather, as it can be inconvenient, but I love it.


• What you usually do in this kind of weather


When it rains, I normally get tucked up 蜷缩在 in bed and binge-watch 刷剧 soap operas and films. I stock up 备货 on my favorite snacks and just relax all day.  I turn off my phone and just ignore the world for the day. Sometimes, I also like to stand in front of the window while counting how many cars pass. It sounds a little bit silly and boring, but I enjoy it very much.


• How this weather affects your mood


Well when it is raining heavily and I am warm and dry indoors, it really gives me a sense of peace. I love hearing the rain battering off the windows 击打窗户 as it brings me comfort and calm. It is therapeutic 有益于健康的. 


• And why you like this weather


I like it because when it rains I have time to myself. I can switch off 放空 and tune out 放空.  I also like the rain because I recently watched a lovely Japanese cartoon about a couple who did everything in the rain and it looked so romantic. That is the kind of love I want.  


Another reason why I like rainy days is that they are good for my health. I have sensitive 敏感的 skin and the sun is too strong so I always have to cover up when I go outside otherwise my skin goes red and blotchy 斑疹.  


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